THE KANKANA-EY'S DOMAIN INCLUDES WESTERN MOUNTAIN PROVINCE, SOUTHEAST ILOCOS SUR AND NORTHWEST BENGUET. The Kankana-eys are part of the larger ethnic group known as the Igorots, who built the rice terraces as a sustainable upland agricultural system. Springs and waterfalls are the main source of water for irrigating the terraces. For the Kankana-ey, agricultural land is the main source of sustenance and an important form of wealth. The people also live on hunting and fishing.
The Kankana-ey women are skilfull in backloom weaving and produce woven blankets, garments, such as the wrap for women known as the tapis, and baskets. The men weave bamboo baskets and engage in woodcraft, pottery and furniture making. The houses of the Kankana-ey are designed like the typical Igorot house and are a reflection of their social status.
In the 2000 census, there were 141,434 residents of Kankana-ey ethnicity in Benguet. They are the dominant ethnic group in the province in terms of numbers: they compose 43% of the total Benguet population.
Like the Ibaloi, the Kankana-ey have integrated in the mainstream modern Philippine society. Both indigenous groups are known for their high literacy rate and their exceptional educational achievements.